Blog: State Pension Plans

College students are being asked to pay higher tuition bills at least in part due to growing pension obligations.
Watch how Illinois' educator workforce has evolved over time, and how its Baby Boomers slowly age out of the workforce.
What is the average teacher pension? While this is an important piece of data, it doesn’t quite get at the whole picture.
Read about our latest research on inequities inherent in teacher pension plans, presented at the annual Association of Education Finance and Policy.

Illinois’ $111 billion unpaid pension debt--over half of which is due to teachers--has prompted talk over a federal bailout. Illinois policymakers continue debating fixes without any real long-term solutions, let alone a budget

But the $58 billion question remains: how well are Illinois teacher pensions actually serving its workers?

Unfortunately, not that well. Despite its high price tag, Illinois’ teacher retirement plan is doing a poor job of serving the majority of its teachers.

Last week, Chad Aldeman, Daniel Fuchs, and I released a report that examines the benefit structure for Illinois’ teachers. New teachers, in particular, face substantially lower retirement benefits than teachers hired before the recession. In 2011, in response to worsening financial conditions, the state legislature created a less generous plan for new teachers called “Tier II.” Tier II imposes on teachers a higher minimum service requirement (up from five to 10 years, making it more difficult for new teachers to qualify for a minimum benefit), a higher normal retirement age (meaning teachers have fewer retirement years to collect a pension), a less generous pension formula (calculating the final average salary from the last eight years of service instead of just four), and a lower, uncompounded cost-of-living adjustment (COLA).

The graph below compares Tier II benefits for new teachers to the prior Tier II plan. Notice how the red line dips negative for the first two and half decades of a new teacher’s service. This means that a 25-year old Illinois teacher hired after 2011 won't receive a net positive retirement benefit until she's worked at least 26 years. Until then, she’ll pay a penalty just to participate in the system.  


Pension plans failed to meet investment targets last year. What will that mean going forward?
Wishing away pension funding problems won't change the fact that current plans are simply not delivering sufficient retirement benefits to the majority of the teaching workforce.
Unlike the rest of Illinois, Chicago only receives a small sliver of pension funding from the state.
Pension and other structural debts continue to eat away at district resources. CPS is counting on the state for relief.
Asking "what's the average pension in my state?" is a common question, but it's the wrong one to ask. "Averages" hide a lot of nuance.